Metatechnology Analysis of Mena and Gulf of Guinea African Countries’ Agricultural Productivity

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Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Agricultural Productivity, Technical Efficiency, Metatechnology Ratio, MENA and Gulf of Guinea African Countries
Authors:
O., Raufu M.; A., Abdulazeez A.; Abdurrasheed, M.D.; Ganiyu, M.O.
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
5
Number:
4
Pages:
166-174
Month:
July
ISSN:
2348-3997
Abstract:
In this study, the metatechnology analysis of countries’ agricultural productivity was analyzed, the discussions of the study were divided into two regions of Middle East and North African (MENA), and Gulf of Guinea Africa Countries (GGA) based on their geographical location. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model was used to analyse Panel data of input-output data from 10 MENA and 10 GGA regions from 1994 to 2013. The results revealed that Gabon, Benin, Nigeria, Jordan, Tunisia, Egypt are the best performing countries. The regional frontier, metafrontier, and metatechnology ratio (MTR) of the GGA region were higher than that of the MENA region. The mean technical efficiency for the pool data of both regions was 0.745, this means that the region as a whole could only produce on average 74.5% of the potential output at the given technology and suggests about 25.5% potentials for improvement in the sector. The difference in the regional and metafrontier showed that regional constraints are a subset of that of metafrontier production function. The t-test affirmed a significant difference in the regional efficiency, metafrontier, and metatechnology ratio of MENA and GGA regions. The study suggests transference of technology, as well as diffusion of technical know-how should be encouraged between GGA and MENA countries
Full text: IJRAS_694_FINAL.pdf

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