A Review of Literature of Technical Efficiency Analyses of Mena and Gulf of Guinea African Countries’ Agricultural Productivity
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- Agricultural Productivity, Technical Efficiency, MENA and Gulf of Guinea African countries
- Raufu, M.O.; Abdulazeez, A.A.; Oyewo, I.O.; Adegoke, R.O.
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
- Agricultural efficiency is important because it enhances productivity which is the major interest of any economy as it is an essential source of overall growth in an economy. In this study, a total of fourteen (14) studies related to technical efficiency analyses on eleven (11) different countries agricultural productivity were reviewed. The discussions of the studies were divided into two (2) regions of Middle East and North African (MENA), and Gulf of Guinea Africa Countries (GGAC) based on their geographical location. MENA was mostly represented by six countries while GGAC was represented by five countries. World Development Indicators (2015) from World Bank National Accounts Data and OECD National Accounts Data files indicate that the contribution of agriculture to the GDP in MENA and Gulf of Guinea African countries is very low comparing the majority of the labour force in agricultural sector in both regions over the period of years reviewed. On the average, the overall share of agriculture to GDP of both regions combined together was 21.7%. The overall technical efficiency score for both regions was 77%, this suggest that there can be an increase to their agricultural output through improved technical efficiency with the best combination of inputs without changing the existing technology. The study suggest that government and private sectors should help in strengthening the research and innovation centres to develop and offer affordable and quality seeds and other agricultural inputs, and also to provide trainings for the farmers on how to be more efficient in their productivity. It was also recommended that there should be more orientation and enlightenment to encourage investment in agricultural venture as well as labour saving technology to allow surplus labour to earn more off farm income to support farming
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