Survey of Potential Bio-pesticidal Plants in Manipur
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- Bio-pesticides, Growth Forms, Pets, Sustainable Agriculture
- Ningombam, D. S.; Thokchom, Somananda
- Today there is a global search for alternatives to chemical pesticides and as part of this process there are various efforts to test the use and efficacy of natural products for pest control and crop protection. Extensive survey was conducted from 2017 to 2019 to explore and document plants which can be used as bio-pesticides in all the valley districts of Manipur. The data collection was based on the previous records of the plants which have bio-pesticides properties to treat and manage a wide range of diseases of crops of the plants. The present survey recorded 29 plants namely, Justicia adhatoda L., Mentha spicata L., Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees, Sida rhombifolia L., Allium tuberosum Rottler ex. Spreng., Allium sativum L., Meliaazedarach L., Bidenspilosa L., Impatiens balsamina L., Vitexnegundo L., Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl, Daturametel L., Lantana camara L., Cassia alata L., Cariya papaya L., Imperata cylindrical L., Amaranthus spinosus L., Mikania cordata (Burm.) B.L. Robinson, Mikania micrantha Kunth, Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L., Ageratum houstonianum Mill., Tageteserecta L., Zingiber officinale Roxb., Equisetum debile L., Artemisia nilagirica (C.B. Clarke) Pamp., Hyptissuaveolens (L.) Poit., Jatropacurcas L., Ocimumgratissimum L.and Plectranthustenuicaulis (Hook.f.) J.K.Morton. The distribution status and availability reveals that 55.17 % were found in wild and 44.82% in cultivated form. Among, the growth forms used herbs (44.82%) were the highest follows by shrubs (41.37%), trees and climbers (6.89%) each respectively. The valley districts are rich in biodiversity of bio-pesticides plants and there is need for further studies to validate their use as potential drugs for pests and disease control. It is high time to set up village based bio-pesticides units where a range of these products can be prepared following standard protocols, thus providing valuable inputs to sustainable agriculture and a means of livelihood to rural farmers and women in Manipur.
Full text: IJRAS_902_FINAL.pdf