Alternanthera tenella Colla. Var. tenella Veldk. Extracts affects the Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

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Year:
2024
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Alternanthera Tenella, Wheat, Leaf, Stem, Roots, Extracts
Authors:
Ghadge, M. B.; Chillawar, R. G.; Navgire, M. E.; Takate, B. D.
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
11
Number:
1
Pages:
8-14
Month:
January
ISSN:
2348-3997
Abstract:
In most agricultural lands, farmers have been facing the problem of unwanted plants that compete with main crops, resulting in a reduction in crop yield. In the agricultural land of Newasa tahsil, Ahmednagar, MS, India, Alternanthera tenella Collavar. tenella Veldk weed is recorded as abundant. Alternanthera tenella Colla. var. tenella Veldk. (Amaranthaeae family) is one of the most common and invasive weeds found in agricultural lands, bunds, irrigated areas, roadsides, waste places, along canals, etc. throughout Maharashtra state except Beed district. Many plants inhibit or promote the growth of other plants. In agriculture, most unwanted plants affect the crop yield; therefore, farmers have been practicing crop rotation and weed control methods to solve these problems. The direct or indirect harmful effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds that escape into the environment results in a decrease in crop yield. In the present investigation, the effects of root, stem, and leaf extracts of Alternanthera tenella Colla. var. tenella Veldk were tested against a wheat, “Triticum aestivum Linn.,” for germination and seedling growth. In the present investigation, it was recorded that, the extracts of leaves, stems, and roots exerted a promotory effect on the ‘ARg’ of the wheat in the following order: Root > Leaf >Stem Leaf and stem extracts of all concentrations exerted inhibition of plumule growth (Plg) over control, while root extracts of lower concentrations exerted promotion. Higher extracts (10-1 %) inhibited ‘PLg’ in the following order: Root>Leaf>Stem. Except for inhibition of the test plant at 10-1 % by leaf and stem, promotion of ‘TSg’ was recorded in an order of: Root>Leaf>Stem. All extracts, except for insignificant inhibition by root and leaf extracts.

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