Effect of Beer Factory Sludge (BFS) With or Without Farm Yard Manure (FYM) on the Yield, Soil Physico Chemical Properties in Spinacia Oleracia and Capsicum Annum L
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- Beer Factory Sludge, Capsicum Annum, Farmy Yard Manure, Spinacia Oleracia and Soil Amendment
- N, Ramya.; Y, Karuna.
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
- In this study the effect of beer factory sludge (BFS) on soil physico chemical properties were evaluated during the growth of two plants i.e., Spinacia oleracia and Capsicum annum L. Two different combinations were studied; the first one is BFS + FYM mixture, the second one is BFS and was mixed with soil in different proportions. A separate category was maintained in which the soil was amended with inorganic fertilizer (INF) for a comparative study between BFS and INF on growth parameters of plants. The physical properties such as pH, EC, OC, available nitrogen, available phosphorous, available potassium and micro nutrients (Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn) were characterized. Bio chemical properties of plant like plant height, plant dry weight, fruit weight and BFS parameters like COD, BOD, heavy metals, WRC were determined. The soil parameters were analysed for 0thday, mid day and final day of plant harvesting. The BFS treated plants exhibited faster growth when compared with control soil and inorganic fertilizer. Among the two treatments in two categories, FYM amended with BFS (category-1) the growth rate was higher followed by Category-2. But no significant difference in growth was obtained between the two categories. The high COD, BOD content was observed and the heavy metal content in BFS was found to be in below detectable levels. The results of this experiment revealed that BFS consists of high organic loading and nutrients due to which it can be applied as fertilizer and BFS can be directly applied to soil without any further treatments as the heavy metals were below detectable levels.
Full text: IJRAS-196_final.pdf